This is a 2 part assignment. Complete the application and answer the questions listed below in a 3-page Word Document.
The previous completed application is attached with the blank one for this assignment.
Psychological experiments that are conducted on human or animal subjects must go through a review by an administrative body known as an Institutional Review Board (IRB). Approval must be gained by an IRB before a study can be funded or conducted. Researchers, whether they are faculty, students, or other affiliated personnel, must complete a detailed application that is presented to the IRB for its review.
APUS has an IRB, much like that of any research-producing university or institution. Attached you will find an amended version of the actual application that researchers must submit to the IRB in advance of conducting psychological research. ***This is a mock version of the application. You are not actually submitting anything to the real APUS IRB while conducting this exercise.
For Part 2 of this exercise, you will use the completed application attached completed earlier in the semester. These are experiments that have already been conducted and published. Several are “classic” experiments in social psychology of which you should already be aware. You will read the published article carefully and then you will take the knowledge gleaned from the article to complete the IRB application AS IF you were the Principal Investigator applying for approval to conduct the study.
For some of the questions included on the application, you may need to “stretch” your knowledge a bit. For example, the published article may say that college students were given extra credit for participation, but may not go into a lot of detail regarding the process used to recruit those students. In such a situation, you may need to use your imagination to fill in some blanks.
In addition, please remember that the goal here is to put yourself in the principal investigator’s shoes at the time that he/she conducted the experiment. If the experiment was conducted in the 1970s, for example, remember that the standards for human experimentation were different back then. Answer the questions as the investigator WOULD have answered them (based upon what you read about the experiment), not as they SHOULD have answered them based upon today’s ethical standards.
Assignment Instructions (Please complete both #1 and #2 below)
1. After carefully reading your article (remember, use the same article attached), please complete the attached document. The attached document is editable, so please place your responses directly into the document. Be sure to save the document on your hard drive and then upload it into the slot for the assignment.
2. After completing the Mock IRB Assignment-Part 2, please answer the following questions in a 3-page Word Document (.docx format) and upload as an attachment to the slot for the assignment.
a. What was the most challenging section of the Mock IRB Application-Part 2 to complete? Why was it challenging?
b. Were there any sections of the Mock IRB Application-Part 2 that you felt the authors of your article did not adequately address (either in terms of not doing it or not addressing it in their write-up of their Method/Procedure)?
c. If you were actually the Principal Investigator of this study, what might you do differently in order to adequately address all the questions asked on Part 2 of this Mock IRB Application?
MOCK IRB Application
Instructions: Type your information in the shaded boxes and insert an “X” in the applicable checkboxes. Incomplete forms will delay the IRB review process and may be returned.
|SECTION A: Investigators & Research Team|
A1. Principal Investigator (P.I.):
|Name:||John Finley||Degree(s):||Bachelor’s Degree|
|Contact Numbers:||+850 55667744333||Physical Address:||P.O.Box 3445-665,
|SECTION B: Research Information|
|THE STANFORD PRISON EXPERIMENT|
Please provide a brief (350-500 word) summary of your research project, including background and rationale for your study. Be sure to include in your description what kinds of data you are planning to collect as part of your research (e.g., surveys, interviews, observations, etc.).
|The current situation in prisons call for a study to identify how to mitigate the challenges that prisoners face. Some proponents have embraced many dispositional hypotheses to blame the evil activities in the prisons. There has also been a study that investigate how individuals express evil acts as a result of poor treatment from the staff. The result of these actions is riots, recidivism, and corruption. These activities make the prisons not to be what they should be. The attention is also driven away from complex matrix of social, economic, and political factors that can join to result in a positive change. Rioting prisoners are identified transferred to maximum prison institutions or sometimes shot, without the consultation of the relevant individuals. The issues are continuing unchanged and its basic structure unexamined (Retish, 2017). It is essential to investigate the issue and find out possible remedies that will help in reducing the constant aggressions that has been experienced in prisons. Moreover, it is important to identify the weaknesses that exist in the prison institution to prevent prisoners from escaping the institution.
However, the hypothesis on the dispositional is difficult to critically evaluate directly through observation of the exiting prison setting. It is because the realistic observations muddle the acute impact of the surrounding with chronic features of the prisoners and the guarding staff. To identify the cause of these effects it is necessary to implement a research strategy which will involve a new inmate from a different social-psychological milieu to the existing system of prison. The prisons from the institution with normal conditions will act as the control group for the research.
This research will mainly investigate the major challenges that the prisoners face during their sentences period. it will also focus on the investigation of the harsh experiences that the prisoners encounter that may lead to their aggression. To achieve accurate result this research will apply survey of individuals from defend prisons and compare the results for analysis. The data will be collected through conducting interviews, filling questionnaires, and making direct observation on the behaviors of inmates at different interval (Axinn & Pearce, n.d.). The results will be analyzed according to the responses.
|SECTION C: Review Type|
C1. Does the study involve greater than minimal risk? (Minimal risk means that the probability and magnitude of harm or discomfort anticipated in the research are not greater in and of themselves than those ordinarily encountered in daily life or during the performance of routine physical or psychological examinations or tests. More than minimal risk will require Full Committee Review.)
Place an “X” next to the appropriate response.
[_X_] Low/Minimal Risk [__] Greater Than Minimal Risk
C2. Which level of review do you believe best matches your research (Exempt, Expedited, or Full)? For more information, view the categories on the APUS IRB Website.
[__] a. Exempt
[_X_] b. Expedited
[__] c. Full Board Review
|SECTION D: Project Purpose/ Research Question/ Objectives|
|In non-technical language, address the following:
1) Topic and scope of the study.
2) Research questions or hypothesis.
3) How this study will contribute to knowledge in the field.
|1) The research topic is on the investigation of challenges that prisoners face during their prison sentence. This study has its scope from the previous experience of aggressions that inmates have shown in the past.
2) The hypotheses include:
i) Inmates face challenges in during their prison sentence and has led to their rebellion
ii) The aggressions and riots experienced in prisons is as a result of problems facing prisoners.
3) The knowledge will help the concerned staff to come up with effective approaches to rescue the situation before it worsens further. Furthermore, it will help in improvising ways of handling inmates to make them be more productive to the society.
|SECTION E: Participant Population and Recruitment|
|E1. In non-technical language, address the following:
1) Who will the participants be? How many participants? What ages will the participants be?
2) What is the inclusion/exclusion criteria for participants?
3) Where and how participants will be recruited?
|1) The participants will be inmates in two different institutions. the study will pick 75 inmates to answer the questionnaires. The recommended age of individuals that will be legible for the study will be 28 years.
2) The inclusion criteria of the participants will be in instances where an individual with higher age, more information and experience in the prison can provide data.
3) The recruitment of the participants will take place in the prison institution and it will take place on the basis of willingness to give accurate information.
E2. This study will involve participants with the following characteristics (place an “X” next to all that apply):
[__] a. Not Applicable (e.g., de-identified datasets)
[__] Individuals who cannot read/speak English
[__] Individuals living outside of the United States
[__] Students of PI or Research Team Members
[__] Students to be recruited in their educational setting (i.e. in class or at school)
[__] Staff, Faculty, or Students
[__] Individuals with diagnosable psychological disorders
[__] Individuals who are institutionalized
[__] Individuals who are poor/uninsured
[__] Pregnant women
[__] Nursing home residents recruited in the nursing home
[__] Individuals who are cognitively impaired
[__] Individuals who are psychiatrically impaired
[__] Limited or non-readers
[__] Wards of the state (e.g., foster children)
[__] Individuals who are terminally ill
[_X_] Others vulnerable to coercion (Specify below):
[__] Other (Specify below):
|SECTION F: Research Design|
|In non-technical language, address the following:
1) State the study activities in chronological order. Describe both the activities conducted by members of the research team and the activities of research participants. (e.g., screening, survey, taking a test, answering questions in an interview, completing a specific task, tasks on a computer, running on a treadmill, debriefing, etc.) If videotaping, photographs, or audio-taping will take place, explain how and why recording will occur.
2) Explain how the data will be analyzed or studied; that is, indicate the quantitative or qualitative data analysis methods you will use.
3) Explain how the data will be reported in order to maintain the confidentiality or anonymity of participants (i.e. aggregated, anonymously, names used with consent, participants only identified by professional role, etc.).
|1) The chronological order of the study will include conducting survey on the individuals to answer the questionnaires by the research team, distributing questionnaires to the participants to answer, asking the participants interview question, and finally analysis of data by the research team.
2) The analysis of the data will be through statistical analysis of frequencies and percentages. Finding the mean and standard deviation will also help to analyze the data. Raw data will be coded, evaluated and tabulated to identify the causes of aggression in the prison.
3) The data will be protected through giving serial number to the participants to protect their privacy.
|SECTION G: Data Collection|
This study involves the following types of data collection (place an “X” next to all that apply)…
[__] Email Questionnaire(s)
[X] In-person Interview(s)
[__] Phone Interview(s)
[__] Video Interview(s) (e.g. Skype, FaceTime, etc.)
[X] Paper Survey(s)
[__] Online Survey(s) (e.g. Survey Monkey, Kwik Surveys, etc.)
[__] Existing datasets
[X_] Focus Groups
[_X_] Internet research, (e.g. collecting data via the internet or researching individuals’ behavior on the internet)
[_X] Questions that might result in identifying criminal activities
[__] Questions that might result in identifying child or elder abuse
[_X_] Review of academic records
[__] Review of medical records
[__] Exposure to psychological stress
[__] Use of physiological sensors (e.g. heart rate, skin conductance, BP)
[__] Physical exercise
[__] Collection of blood or biological specimens
[__] Genetic Material
[__] Diagnostic imaging (e.g., MRI, fMRI, X-Rays, etc.)
Axinn, W. G., & Pearce, L. D. (n.d.). Preface. Mixed Method Data Collection Strategies, xiii-xiv. doi:10.1017/cbo9780511617898.001
Retish, A. B. (2017). Breaking free from the prison walls: penal reforms and prison life in revolutionary Russia. Historical Research, 90(247), 134-150. doi:10.1111/1468-2281.12171