Define privatization, and discuss its impact on the role and size of the government.

UNIT VI: Privatization (3 pages)

1. Define privatization, and discuss its impact on the role and size of the government.

2. Discuss the pros and cons of privatization in general and with respect to human services. 3. Privatization is spreading rapidly in the human services and remains highly controversial.

3. Discuss the arguments for and against privatization in one of the policy areas listed on the syllabus (prisons, education, social services).

4. Discuss how you think the current trend toward privatization is affecting your agency. Ask both new and long-term staff for their views. Identify two points to mention, to help them understand the rise of privatization, as well its pros and/or cons, and discuss how that changed or enhanced their views.

Sources:

UNIT VI. FOCUS ON PRIVATIZATION

A. Background on Privatization

Cohen, D. (nd). The History of Privatization. http://talkingpointsmemo.com/features/privatization/one/

Lewis, M. (nd). What Is Privatization of Public Services – Definition, Pros & Cons.

https://www.moneycrashers.com/privatization-definition-public-works/

B. Privatization Debate

1. PRO

The Reason Foundation (2010). Ten Principles of Privatization.

http://reason.org/news/show/ten-principles-of-privatization

Edwards, C. (2009). Downsizing the Federal Government: Privatization. Cato Institute.

http://www.downsizinggovernment.org/sites/downsizinggovernment.org/files/privatization.pdf

McEnany, K. (2011). A Case for Privatizing the Welfare State, Int’l business Times. https://www.ibtimes.com/case-privatizing-welfare-state-212653

Tanner, M. & Dehaven, T. (2010). TANF and Federal Welfare. http://www.downsizinggovernment.org/hhs/welfare-spending

2. CON Abramovitz, M. (1998). The Perils of Privatization, MS Magazine (Jan/Feb), p. 29 (ER)

Wilson, R. (2012). The Private Sector Does Not Always Deliver Better Value in Public Services. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/public-leaders-network/2012/dec/12/private-sector-not-better-value- services-outsourcing

Tarnoff, B. (2017). How Privatization Could Spell the End of Democracy. The Guardian. https://www.theguardian.com/technology/2017/jun/21/privatizing-public-services-trump-democracy

Frances, A. (2016). Privatization Has Been a Colossal Flop. Huffington Post https://www.huffingtonpost.com/allen-frances/privatization-has-been-a-colossal- flop_b_7046140.html

Kuttner, R. (2013). When Public is Better. Demos.

http://www.demos.org/publication/when-public-better

C. Specific Policy Examples: Privatizing Prisons, Education and Social Services

1. Privatizing Prisons

Sanders, B. (2015). We Must End For-Profit Prisons. Huffington Post. http://www.huffingtonpost.com/bernie-sanders/we-must-end-for-profit-pr_b_8180124.html.

American Civil Liberties Union (2017). Selling Off Our Freedom. (Read executive summary, pp. 1-8) https://www.aclu.org/sites/default/files/field_document/059_bail_report_2_1.pdf

The Huge Problem With For-Profit Prisons (video – 3.5 min.) https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=WDm9JSOY_YI

Eisen, L. B., (2015). Charging Inmates for Mass Incarceration. Brennan Center. https://www.brennancenter.org/sites/default/files/blog/Charging_Inmates_Mass_Incarceration.pdf

Gilroy, L. & Moore, A. (2015). Why Bernie Sanders Is Wrong About Private Prisons: Closing Private Correctional Facilities Would Make Life Worse for Prisoners and Taxpayers. http://reason.com/archives/2015/09/29/why-bernie-sanders-is-wrong-about-privat.

Letter to the Editor of NYT (2016). Benefits of Private Prisons. The New York Times. https://www.nytimes.com/2016/09/13/opinion/benefits-of-private-prisons.html?mcubz=1

2. Privatizing Education

Ravitch, D. (2016) Education in Crisis: The Threat of Privatization Around the World. https://dianeravitch.net/2016/03/29/education-in-crisis-the-threat-of-privatization-around-the-world

National Education Association. (2004). Higher Education and Privatization. NEA Research Center 10(2), 1-5. http://www.nea.org/assets/docs/HE/vol10no2.pdf

Weiner, L. (2012). Privatizing Public Education: The Neoliberal Model. http://reimaginerpe.org/19-1/weiner

Walker, B. (2012). An Argument for Privatizing Public Schools. New American. https://www.thenewamerican.com/culture/education/item/12237-an-argument-for-privatizing-public- school2

3. Privatizing Social Services

Dehaven, T. (2010). Head Start and Other Subsidies.

https://www.downsizinggovernment.org/hhs/subsidies

William Waldman – Privatization of Health and Human Services (video – 5 min)

https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Ue2TrAGXCc0\

Surgey, N, & Lorenze, K. (2013). Profiting from the Poor: Outsourcing Social Services Puts Most Vulnerable at Risk. https://www.commondreams.org/news/2013/10/08/profiting-poor-outsourcing-social-services-puts- most-vulnerable-risk

In The Public Interest (2018). Privatizing the VA: Lessons from Privatized Medicaid in Kansas and Iowa.https://www.inthepublicinterest.org/wp-content/uploads/ITPI_PrivatizingV AMedicaid_March2018.pdf

Phaneuf, K. (2017). Nonprofits Say Privatizing Social Services Could Save CT $1.3Billion. https://ctmirror.org/2017/01/18/nonprofits-say-privatizing-social-services-could-save-ct-1-3b/

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