“Domestic Violence” Please respond to the following

Week 5 Discussion 1

“Domestic Violence” Please respond to the following:

· School violence is of growing concern to law enforcement and almost never occurs without warning. Examine the main motivation(s) of school violence and give your opinion as to what the schools should do to prevent school violence. Provide a rationale for your response.

· Imagine that you are the director of the training academy for the police or sheriff’s department chief in your city. Develop the first three (3) steps of a plan which you would implement to ensure the department is properly trained for the possible occurrence of a workforce violence incident in your locality.

Please also reply to the student

Paige Sowell 

RE: Week 5 Discussion 1

School violence has become an issue of concern to the law enforcement agencies due to the spontaneous nature of its occurrence. The main motivations of school violence are varied for instance internalizing among students due to social strife within the school environment such as bullying may result in school violence (Bennett-Johnson, n.d.). Access to weapons such as guns is another motivation to the development of school violence. Schools can address violence through developing relationship level strategies such as the development of peer counseling programs in addition to developing security checks that aim to identify the existence of weapons or other dangerous devices within the school environment (Bennett-Johnson, n.d.). Schools should also develop protocols and policies that guide educational stakeholders from teachers to students on how to react to incidents of school violence thus limiting the adverse influences of these events. When developing a training plan for police officers in relation to dealing with possible workforce violence incidents the first step of the plan is to teach the officers the difference between crowd control and crowd management and how these strategies can be applied to different situations (Berkeley Police, 2014). The second step is training the officers on situational awareness which enables them to make better decisions in such circumstances. The third step involves simulating the different types of protests enabling the officers to apply concepts learned in real life situations.

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Week 5 Discussion 2

“Growing Cities” Please respond to the following:

· Based on the lecture and Webtext materials, address the following:

. Examine the main reasons why people are attracted to urban areas in the developing world and select the key issues that make this rural to urban migration such a difficult problem for governments to deal with.

Please also reply to the student

Shawnetta Nelson 

RE: Week 5 Discussion 2

People in the developing world are attracted to urban areas for many reasons. They want to escape the unbearable conditions that exist in rural areas like contaminated water supply, endemic diseases from poor sewage services, “becos”-dirt and graveled roads, and lack of employment, to name a few.  Where rural areas have poor infrastructure, they are strong in urban areas. They present opportunities and resources that are appealing enough to influence migration. People in the developing world are attracted by the nice homes, better structures and institutions, economic and entrepreneur opportunities, and the potential to increase chances of obtaining basic resources like health, education, and employment. Nonetheless, people move from rural areas to urban areas in hopes of bettering their lives and gaining financial stability.

In the rural to urban migration, issues arise that become very difficult for the government to deal with. The rate of migration has increased over the years, which has led to urbanization in many regions. Urbanization arises when an area becomes overpopulated, and often has effects on society and the environment. The migration to urban areas come with costs; increased demand for jobs, increased risk of criminal activities and health diseases, increased needs for natural resources, and other goods and services, and economic stability. This presents a problem for the government; especially since it is challenging to regulate and provide for a large mass of individuals, in developing countries. Due to overcrowded regions, it is difficult for the government to adequately obtain revenue sources and support to address the needs of health care and food services, housing, and public safety. Governments have no formal infrastructure and are faced with lack of finances and implementing policies that can correspond to the rapidly evolving economy, and large population; thereby, also experiencing a debt crisis, or foreign exchange shortages. On another note, some residents of urban areas can make the best out of what they can/ have available. Lagos, Nigeria is the largest urban area of the African cities. In Lagos, Nigeria, the population has increased from “300,000 60 years ago” to over 16 million residents today. Even though the country experience issues of corruption and poverty, residents can thrive, by grasping all opportunities that come their way; including, for example the sale of rubbish from the Lagos dumps, or street vending/ squatting. Furthermore, although migration from rural to urban areas has its promises of life improvements, not all who migrate to urban areas have great experiences or are able to achieve the goals they seek in urban areas.

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