Explain the differences between lower tract urinary symptoms and erectile disorder.
A patient presents with flank pain. You suspect renal calculi. What is the pathophysiological reason for development of renal calculi and associated treatment considerations to rid renal stones and prevent future development of others?
Explain the common conditions associated with proteinuria and hematuria. Discuss the rationale for potential complications.
at least 300 words with references no older than 5 years and intext citation.