Horizontal gene transfer is the movement of DNA from parent to offspring.
Genetic distance obtained from conjugation studies is measured in total nucleotides.
Bacteria that can uptake DNA from the environment are called competent cells.
Artificial conjugation may be used to introduce DNA into a bacterium from its
environment using laboratory procedures.
The movement of genetic material by conjugation begins at a site on the plasmid
called the start site.
Interrupted mating is a form of transformation study used to map bacterial genes.
Cotransformation and cotransduction experiments can be used to map closely linked
genes in bacteria.
Both Hfr and F+ cells can transfer bacterial genes to F- cells during conjugation.
Plasmids that can integrate into the bacterial chromosome are called episomes.
The two types of bacteriophage life cycles are termed lytic and lysogenic.