Imagine a thermally insulated container with a gas ofparticles that interact with one another only via the law of gravitation.

Imagine a thermally insulated container with a gas ofparticles that interact with one another only via the law of gravitation. That is, theinteraction energy between any two particles is given by −Gm2 / R , where R is the interparticledistance and G is the gravitational constant. Suppose that the gas is uniforminitially. Describe the future of the gas. Is your answer consistent with the 2nd law ofthermodynamics? (Note: solving this problem may tell you a few things about the earlyUniverse and about how galaxies and solar systems have formed).

Gaseous Movement in a Thermally Insulated ContainerThe movement of the gas particles is random and is solely dependent on the force of gravity; themanner in which the particles interact can be…

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