Mass (kg) Body length (cm) Foot length (cm) Leg length (cm) Shoulder height (cm) Cubs

1. What were the minimal, median, and maximal values of fitness? What are these values in terms of relative fitness? (6 pts)

2. Which trait was under the strongest directional selection for greater phenotypic values (i.e., larger number)? Include a figure that supports your conclusion. (6 pts)

3. Which traits was under the strongest directional selection for smaller phenotypic values (i.e., smaller number)? Include a figure that supports your conclusion. (6 pts)

4. Does any trait appear to be under stabilizing selection? Include a figure that supports your conclusion line graph or scatter plot. (6 pts)

5. Does any trait appear to be under disruptive selection? Include a figure that supports your conclusion. (6 pts)

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