Psy 4680 unit 2

Q uestion 1
1. When I/O psychologists conduct research they are obligated to abide by
ethical principles. In which of the following examples is the researcher NOT
acting ethically?
Answer
The researcher obtains informed consent from all subjects in the study.
The researcher reveals the identity of those subjects who responded to the survey to
the manager of the company as part of the outcome report.
The researcher discloses the purpose and goals of the research to the subjects prior to
testing them.
The researcher conducts an anonymous survey of the employees and reports the
results to management.
4 points
Q uestion 2
1. You want to study the effects of training on performance. Because you
must get permission to train people, you ask for volunteers. You train the
volunteers, and then you measure the performance of both volunteers
(trained) and non volunteers (non trained). You have used:
Answer

both random assignment and random selection.
random assignment but not random selection.
random selection but not random assignment.
neither random assignment nor random selection.
4 points

Q uestion 3

1. Research into the effectiveness of organizational development programs
indicates that:
Answer

the wide variety of approaches and the complexity of programs make it difficult to
determine what a legitimate program is.
the outcome is always a positive one; that is, no detrimental effects have resulted as
a result of the application of any OD techniques.
OD is not that important of an activity in most large organizations.
most of the effects that have been noted are the result of a Hawthorne effect.
4 points

Q uestion 4

1. Division of Labor, Delegation of Authority, Span of Control, and Line vs.
Staff are the basic tenets of which theory?
Answer

Descriptive
Bureaucracy

Open System
X/Y Theory
4 points

Q uestion 5

1. The most critical aspects of a research study are:
Answer

the variables and their generalizability.
the research setting and the research design.
the research question and the research design.
the research question and the hypothesis.
4 points

Q uestion 6

1. The theory X/theory Y is based on:
Answer

Line vs. Staff
Span Control
Supervisor beliefs and attitudes about subordinates
Span of Control
4 points

Q uestion 7

1. Which branch of statistics allows us to draw conclusions that generalize
from the subjects we have studied to all the people of interest by allowing us
to make inferences based on probabilities?
Answer

Descriptive statistics
Inferential statistics
Meta-analytic statistics
Multivariate statistics
4 points

Q uestion 8

1. If pay and performance were graphed, and employees who have low pay
have high performance and employees who have high pay have low
performance, this would represent a:
Answer

zero correlation.
positive correlation.
negative correlation.
spurious correlation.
4 points

Q uestion 9

1. Which of the following studies has the greatest generalizability?
Answer

A lab study examining the effects of a new training program on the efficiency of an
assembly procedure to be used in a manufacturing plant.
A field study of manager’s attempting to examine employees’ attitudes about
company loyalty.
A field study conducted on Toyota employees on the effectiveness of a new merit
pay raise system for use in a university setting.
A lab study of training procedures that was then replicated in numerous field
settings.
4 points

Q uestion 10

1. Which of the following organizational theories describes organizational
functioning but does not provide prescriptive insights into how to run an
organization?
Answer

Theory Y
Open systems theory
Bureaucracy
Sociotechnical systems theory
4 points

Q uestion 11

1. Describe the overriding ethical consideration of researchers and how
informed consent contributes to research ethics.
Answer
200 words pap format with sources

Question 12

1. Give examples of a general and a specific research question, and explain
why specific questions are more useful than general questions.
Answer 200 words apa format with sources

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