Type 2 Diabetes

Paper Topic

Type 2 Diabetes

Research Review Paper Format

Your paper must be at least 8–10 pages in length (cover/research title pages and references/bibliography pages do NOT count towards the total paper count)

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Use at least three references/sources such as following

The New England Journal of Medicine (NEJM)

Journal of American Medical Association (JAMA)

The Lancet

American Journal of Public Health

If the above references/sources are not used, please submit the list of proposed references/sources with your outline for approval prior to using them as reference/source

Running Head: TYPE II DIABETES 1


Type II Diabetes

Meshayla Jones

Florida Institute of Technology

Professor Judy Liu

Community Health Evaluation

29 July2018

Phillips, B. E., Kelly, B. M., Lilja, M., Ponce-González, J. G., Brogan, R. J., Morris, D. L., & Rooyackers, O. (2017). A practical and time-efficient high-intensity interval training program modifies cardio-metabolic risk factors in adults with risk factors for type II diabetes. Frontiers in Endocrinology, 8, 229.

Study hypothesis

Modification of cardio-metabolic risk factors in adults with a propendency for Type II diabetes reduces their vulnerability to the disease. This hypothesis is based on the precondition that time efficient and practical physical activity (PA) regimes must be maintained.

Study design outline

It combines two research designs. First, cross-sectional research design is adopted in the study. This refers to an approach that entails selection of samples based on existing differences as opposed to using a random process. Secondly, it exhibits tenets of casual design in that it assumes that engagement of time useful and practical PA reduces the vulnerability of adults with risk factors for Type II diabetes to the disease.

Study conclusions

The study is built on the assumption that a practical and timely efficient PA is a precondition for reduction of vulnerability of adults with risk factors for Type II diabetes. The findings of the study strongly supported this assumption. It ends with the recommendation for incorporation of practical and time efficient in PA guidelines in future. Therefore, it sets the ground for future studies to advance this knowledge towards attaining effective strategies for addressing health problems associated with adults with risk factors for type II diabetes.

Your critique of the study approach/limitations and your initial perspective on the study

The study approach satisfies the minimum threshold for research. It begins with the statement of a problem, hypothesis, testing of the hypothesis to set the ground for the study. Among the limitations of the study is the risk of subjectivity because the establishment of the presence of risk factors for Type II diabetes is based on the opinions of researchers that may have been biased. However, the risk of subjectivity has been weathered through the application of two research designs that complement each other. The first perspective of the study is that it was anchored on a single research design. In this case, a cross-sectional research design was anticipated. However, it is a combined research design that has aspects of the causal design as well.


The study necessitates further research to establish most viable approaches to health problems associated with adults with risk factors for type II diabetes. The study also highlights the need to promote objectivity by eliminating attributes that erode the validity and reliability of future studies.

Mammen, J., Vadakkekuttical, R. J., George, J. M., Kaziyarakath, J. A., & Radhakrishnan, C. (2017). Effect of non‐surgical periodontal therapy on insulin resistance in patients with type II diabetes mellitus and chronic periodontitis, as assessed by C‐peptide and the Homeostasis Assessment Index. Journal of investigative and clinical dentistry, 8(3), e12221.

Study hypothesis: the research anticipates that non‐surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) reduces insulin resistance among with type II diabetes mellitus. The research was anchored on the assumption that a bidirectional relationship exists between diabetes and periodontitis.

Study design outline: the study is based on the experimental research design. It is an approach that seeks to investigate the relationship between different variables through the control of conditions that may distort a study. In this case, a study group and test groups are used. Tests for periodontal parameters and systemic parameters were undertaken on both groups before the study and re-evaluated after three months.

Study conclusions

The study established that periodontal inflammations affect insulin resistance and therefore can be pursued to reduce the strength of insulin among persons with type II diabetes. The study recommends the application of non‐surgical periodontal therapy (NSPT) on patients with Type II diabetes mellitus to reduce their resistance to insulin.

Your critique of the study approach/limitations and your initial perspective on the study

The study aims at establishing a favorable relationship between non‐surgical periodontal therapies (NSPT) and reduction of insulin resistance. One fundamental limitation of the study is potential bias due to the possibility of the existence of confounder variables. Another limitation is the use of a small population study undermines the generalization of findings. To this end, the validity of the study is questionable and therefore more studies should be done for clarity. The initial perspective on the research is that it would substantially reduce the risk of bias.


This study necessitates future research to eliminate the risk of bias that undermines the reliability and validity of the findings. It also underscores the need to use broad and diverse study populations and samples for the attainment of more viable solutions which challenges problems that face the healthcare sector.

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